PIMS NW, Inc.
Phosphate Induced Metal Stabilization
using Apatite II
Morin, D., A. Morin, C. Scalzo, A. Peisajovich and J. Wright, 2007. "Demonstration project: immobilization of Pb in soil and groundwater using Apatite II." Proceedings 60th Canadian Geotechnical Conference and 8th Joint CGS/IAH-CNC Groundwater Conference Abstracts 2007, Ottawa, Canada.
Martin, W.A., S.L. Larson, D.R. Felt, J. Wright, C.S. Griggs, M. Thompson, J.L.Conca and C. Nestler, 2007. "The effect of organics on lead sorption onto Apatite II, Applied Geochemistry, 23:34-43.
Wright, Judith and James Conca, 2007. The Geopolitics of Energy: Achieving a Just and Sustainable Energy Distribution by 2040. BookSurge Publ., Charleston, SC. ISBN 1-4196-7588-5, 100pp.
Conca, James L. and Judith Wright, 2006. "An Apatite II permeable reactive barrier to remediate groundwater containing Zn, Pb and Cd," Applied Geochemistry, 21:1288-1300.
Adams, B., N. Yancey, J. Conca and J. Wright, 2006. "PRB containing processed fish bones sequesters metals from ground water," Technology News and Trends, Environmental Protection Agency EPA 542-N-06-002, Issue 23, p. 5-7.
Wright, J. and J.L. Conca, 2006. "Remediation of groundwater contaminated with Zn, Pb and Cd using a permeable reactive barrier with Apatite II." ." ICARD 2006 Abstr. Progr., Wash. Univ., St. Louis, MO.
Larson, S.L., P.G. Malone, C.A. Weiss, W.A. Martin, C. Trest, G. Fabian, M.F. Warminsky, D. Mackie, J.J. Tasca, J. Wildey, and J. Wright, 2006. "Amended Ballistic Sand Treatability Studies in Support of the Passive Reactive Berm (PRBerm) to Provide Low Maintenance Lead Containment at Active Small Arms Firing Range Systems", ERDC/EL TR-06-xx, U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Vicksburg, MS.
McCloskey, L., J. Wright, B. Stasney, N. Yancey and J.L. Conca, 2006. "Comparison of Apatite IITM treatment system at two mines for metals removal." ICARD 2006 Abstr. Progr., Wash. Univ., St. Louis, MO.
Martinez, M.N., S.S. Hightower, G.B. Smith, W. Mueller, J.L. Conca and J. Wright, 2006. "The effect of Apatite IITM on the biodegradation of TNT and perchlorate in contaminated soil samples." In Sustainable Range Management, Battelle Press, Columbus, OH. www.battelle.org/bookstore.
Raicevic, S., J. V. Wright, V. Veljkovic and J. L. Conca (2006) "Theoretical stability assessment of uranyl phosphates and apatites: Selection of amendments for in situ remediation of uranium," Science of the Total Environment, vol. 355, p. 13-24
Pasteris, J.D., D.E. Giammar, B. Wopenka, L.Xie, P. Scully and J. Wright, 2005. "Fishing for lead: metal remediation through use of fish bone." Geol. Soc. Amer. Abstr. Progr., Ann. Mtg., Salt Lake City, UT.
Wright, J., 2005. "From conodonts and ancient oceans to fish bones and metal contaminant stabilization." Goldschmidt Conference, Invited, Geochemical Society of London Abstracts, Univ. ID, Moscow.
Wright, J. and J. L. Conca, 2005. "Geochemistry of anthropogenic lead stabilization by Apatite IITM." Goldschmidt Conference, Geochemical Society of London Abstracts, Univ. ID, Moscow.
Conca, J.L. and J. Wright, 2005. "The mineralogical facies developed within an Apatite IITM PRB for Pb, Cd and Zn acid mine drainage." Goldschmidt Conference, Geochemical Society of London Abstracts, Univ. ID, Moscow.
Wright, J., J. L. Conca, and A. F. Slater (2005). PIMS with Apatite II: A field scale demonstration on a lead contaminated soil, Chapter 4 in Stabilisation/Solidification Treatment and Remediation, A. Al-Tabbaa and J, A. Stegemann, (eds), Taylor and Francis Group, London, ISBN 04 1537 460 X.
Judith Wright and James L. Conca, 2005. "PIMSTM: Remediation of Soil and Groundwater Contaminated With Metals." Environmental Security Technology Certification Program (ESTCP) Cost and Performance Report, (CU-0020), http://www.estcp.org./, 50 pp.
Wright, J. and J.L. Conca, 2004. "Apatite II: how fish bones stabilize lead in range soils at Camp Stanley, TX." ." SERDP/ESTCP Symposium and Worshop Annual Mtg. Abstr., Wash., D.C.
Raicevic, S., J. V. Wright, J. Vujic and J. L. Conca (2004) "Prediction of the Weathering Properties of Minerals Based on the Ion-Ion Interaction Potential," Materials Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 824:455-460.
Wright, Judith and James L. Conca, 2004. "PIMS With Apatite IITM for the Remediation of Uranium and Plutonium." Abstracts Annual Mtg ACS, Anaheim, CA.
Wright, Judith, Ken R. Rice, Brian Murphy, and James Conca, 2004. "PIMS Using Apatite IITM: How It Works To Remediate Soil and Water." In Sustainable Range Management, Eds., R.E. Hinchee and B. Alleman, Battelle Press, Columbus, OH. www.battelle.org/bookstore, ISBN 1-57477-144-2, B4-05.
Wright, Judith, Ken R. Rice, Brian Murphy and James Conca, 2004. "PIMS-Remediation of Pb-Contaminated Soil at Camp Stanley, TX." In Sustainable Range Management, Eds., R.E. Hinchee and B. Alleman, Battelle Press, Columbus, OH. www.battelle.org/bookstore, ISBN 1-57477-144-2, B4-04.
Wright, J. and J. Conca. 2003. "Remediation of groundwater contaminated with Zn, Pb, and Cd using Apatite II." Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series 1, Szeged, Hungary. http://www.mineral.hermuz.hu/act_03/pdf/114.pdf
Wright, Judith and James L. Conca, 2003. "PIMS With Apatite IITM for the Remediation of Uranium and Plutonium." Abstracts of the Radiochemistry Conference, July 14-17, 2003, Carlsbad, NM.
Wright, Judith, and James Conca. 2002. "Remediation of Groundwater and Soil Contaminated with Metals and Radionuclides using Apatite II, a Biogenic Apatite Mineral." In Extended Abstracts of the 2002 American Chemical Society Meeting, August 18-22, Amer. Chem. Soc., Columbus, OH.
Conca, J., Strietelmeier, E., Lu, N., Ware, S. D., Taylor, T. P., Kaszuba, J., and Wright, J. V. (2002) "Treatability Study of Reactive Materials to Remediate Groundwater Contaminated with Radionuclides, Metals and Nitrates in a Four-Component Permeable Reactive Barrier," Chapter 8, in Groundwater Remediation of Metals, Radionuclides, and Nutrients, with Permeable Reactive Barriers (eds. Naftz, Morrison, Davis, and Fuller), Elsevier Science, USA, p. 221-252.
Wright, J., A. Leeson, and B. Murphy. (2002) "Phosphate-Induced Metal Stabilization Used for Lead-Contaminated Soil," Tech Trends, U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, Issue No. 44, March, p. 2-3.
Conca, James L. and Judith Wright. 2001. Biogenic Apatite: From In Vivo to In Vitro Incorporation of Metals and Radionuclides Into Apatite Mineral Phases. In Proceedings of the Second Hydroxyapatite Congress, Eds. Schwind and Subramanian, Bio-Rad Labs, Berkeley, CA.
Lu, N., H. Xu, J. Wright, and J. Conca. 2001. "PIMS - Remediation of Metal-Contaminated Groundwater and Soil Using a Special Reactive Form of the Mineral Apatite," In Applied Mineralogy in Research, Economy, Technology, Ecology and Culture, Eds., Rammlmair, J. Mederer, Th. Oberthür, R.B. Heimann, and H. Pentinghaus , A.A.Balkema, Rotterdam (Publ.), ISBN 90 5809 163 5, V. 2, p. 603-606.
Conca, James L. and Judith Wright. 2001. Biogenic Apatite: From In Vivo to In Vitro Incorporation of Metals and Radionuclides Into Apatite Mineral Phases. In Proceedings of the Second Hydroxyapatite Congress, eds. Schwind and Subramanian, Bio-Rad Labs, Berkeley, CA.
Wright, J. V. and J. L. Conca. 1998. United States Patent #6217775 Stabilization and remediation of soil, water and wastes contaminated with metals using fish bones and hard parts." United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).
Conca, J. L., N. Lu, G. Parker, B. Moore, A. Adams, J. V. Wright and P. Heller. 2000. "PIMS - Remediation of Metal Contaminated Waters and Soils", in Remediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compounds, (Wickramanayake, Gavaskar, Gibbs and Means, eds.) BMI, Columbus, OH, 7:319-326.
Conca, James and Judith Wright. 1999. "PIMS: A Simple Technology for Clean-Up of Heavy Metals and Radionuclides Throughout the World," In Environmental Challenges of Nuclear Disarmament, The Proc. of the NATO Adv. Research Workshop, Krakow, ed. T.E. Baca, Poland, Nov 8-13,1998, p. 1-13.
Chen, Xiaobing, Judith. Wright, James L. Conca, and Loni M. Peurrung. 1997. "Effects of pH on Heavy Metal Sorption on Mineral Apatite", Env. Science and Technology, 31:624-631.
Chen, Xiaobing, J. V. Wright, J. L. Conca, and L. M. Peurrung. 1997. "Evaluation of Heavy Metal Remediation Using Mineral Apatite", Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 98:57-78.
Chen, Xiaobing, Loni M. Peurrung, Judith Wright, and James L. Conca. 1996. "In Situ Immobilization of Lead from Aqueous Solutions and Contaminated Soils by Phosphate Rocks", Proc. of the Nuclear and Hazardous Waste Management Spectrum '96 Meeting, American Nuclear Society, 2:1286-1293.
Wright, Judith, Loni M. Peurrung, Timothy E. Moody, James L. Conca, Xiaobing Chen, Paul P. Didzerekis and Eric Wyse . 1995. In Situ Immobilization of Heavy metals in Apatite Mineral Formulations, Technical Report to the Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program, Department of Defense, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Richland, WA, 154 p.
Moody, Timothy E. and Judith Wright. 1995. Adsorption Isotherms: North Carolina Apatite Induced Precipitation of Lead, Zinc, Manganese and Cadmium from the Bunker Hill 4000 Soil, Technical Report BHI-00197, Bechtel Hanford, Inc., Richland, WA, 21 p.
Wright, Judith. 1990. "Conodont Apatite: Structure and Geochemistry." In Biomineralization: Patterns, Processes and Evolutionary Trends, ed. J. Carter. Van Nost. Reinh, NY, p. 445-459.
Wright, Judith. 1990. "Conodont Geochemistry, a Key to the Paleozoic." In 1st International
Wright, Judith, James L. Conca, John Repetski, and James Clark. 1990. "Microgeochemistry of some Lower Ordovician Cordylodans from Jilin, China." In 1st International Senckenberg Conference and 5th European Conodont Symposium , ed. Willi Ziegler. Contributions III, Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, Frankfurt, Germany.
Wright, Judith, Hans Schrader, and W. T. Holser. 1987. "Paleoredox Variations in Ancient Oceans Recorded by REE in Fossil Apatite." Geoch. Cosmoch. Acta, 51:631-644.
Wright, Judith, James F. Miller, and W. T. Holser. 1987. "Chemostratigraphy of Conodonts Across the Cambrian-Ordovician Boundary: Western U.S. and SE China." In Conodonts: Investigative Tech. and Appl., ed. R. L. Austin. Ellis Horwood, Ltd., London, pp. 259-286.
Holser, W. T., Mordeckai Magaritz, and Judith Wright. 1986. "Chemical and Isotopic Variations in the World Ocean During Phanerozoic Time." In Global Biological Events in Earth History, ed. Otto Walliser. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 63-74.
Wright, Judith. 1985. "Chemical Events Near the Cambrian-Ordovician Boundary." In Plenary Meeting of the Cambrian-Ordovician Boundary Working Group, Calgary, Alberta.
Wright, Judith, Richard S. Seymour, and Henry F. Shaw. 1984. "REE and Nd Isotopes in Conodont Apatite: Variations with Geological Age and Depositional Environment." In Conodont Biofacies and Provincialism, ed. David L. Clark. Geol. Soc. of Amer., Sp. Pap. 196, Boulder, pp. 325-340.
Miller, Richard H., Frederick A. Sundberg, Roberta Harma, and Judith Wright. 1981. "Upper Cambrian Stratigraphy and Conodonts of Southern Nevada." In Alcheringa, 5:183-196.
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